Appendix B: Online Item Types
Online Item and Response Types
As students engage with the online assessments, they will be asked test questions that require them to respond in several ways, some of which may be new to students.
There are several resources that teachers and students can use to get ready for the test, including a practice test and a training test. As pointed out in appendix C of this manual, it is highly recommended that ALL students access the Training Test web page before taking the test. Doing so will provide students an opportunity to view and practice each of the item types.
The practice tests and training tests for CAASPP assessments are available on the CAASPP Online Practice and Training Tests Portal web page.
Summary of Online Item Types and How to Provide Responses—General Assessments
Table 1 lists the different item types and briefly describes each one.
|Content Area||Type of Item||Brief Description of How to Respond|
|Science and CSA||Composite||two or more item parts from the machine-scored list|
|Mathematics||Equation (EQ)||enter equation or numeric response using on-screen panel containing mathematical characters|
|ELA||Essay/Writing Extended Response (WER)||keyboard entry|
|ELA||Evidence Based Selected Response (EBSR)||two-part item: Part A; Respond to an MC item; Part B: Cite the evidence that supports the answer to Part A either as MC, MS, or Hot Text|
|Mathematics||Grid Item (GI) – Drag and Drop||drag-and-drop single or multiple elements into a background image|
|Mathematics||Grid Item (GI) – Graphing||plot points, draw lines, or both|
|Mathematics||Grid Item (GI) – Hot Spot||select certain areas of an image|
|Science and CSA||Grid Item (GI) – Graphic Gap Match||drag-and-drop single or multiple elements into a background image|
|Science and CSA||Grid, Multiple Select||select two or more cells in a table|
|CSA||Grid, Single Select||select a single cell in a table|
|ELA, science||Hot Text (HTQ)||select sections of text, or drag-and-drop sections of text|
|Science and CSA||Inline Choice List, Multiple Select||multiple-options selected response|
|Science and CSA||Inline Choice List, Single Select||single-option selected response|
|CSA||Inline Text Choices, Multiple Select||select multiple words or phrases|
|CSA||Inline Text Choices, Single Select||select a single word or phrase|
|ELA and mathematics||Match Interaction (MI)||match text or images in rows to values in columns|
|Science and CSA||Match, Multiple Select||drag and drop two or more choices into the appropriate locations|
|CSA||Match, Single Select||drag and drop a single choice into the appropriate location|
|ELA, mathematics, science, and CSA||Multiple Choice, Multiple Select (MCMS)||select two or more options|
|ELA, mathematics, science, and CSA||Multiple Choice, Single Select (MCSS)||select a single option|
|CSA||Numeric||select a single-entry box with a numeric value that may contain decimals or a slash line to represent a fraction|
|Science, ELA, mathematics, and CSA||Set Leader||stimulus, such as a passage or image, with one or more questions assigned to it based on its content|
|ELA and mathematics||Short Answer Text Response (SA)||keyboard entry|
|Science||Simulation||manipulate a set of inputs within an interactive stimuli to provide custom output that students use to respond to multiple items|
|Mathematics||Table Interaction (TI)||keyboard entry into table cells|
|Science||Text Entry||keyboard alpha or numeric entry|
|Science and CSA||Zone, Multiple Select||select two or more zones|
|Science and CSA||Zone, Single Select||select a single zone|
Summary of Online Item Types and How to Provide Responses—Alternate Assessments
The CAAs feature innovative and technology-enhanced items that are designed to be engaging for students and represent a variety of types and approaches. Table 2 gives details about these items, describing the type of functionality with which the student and test examiner will be presented. Test examiners administering the CAA for Science also have the option of selecting Mark as No Response for an item to which the student is not orienting.
|Type of Item||Brief Description of How to Respond|
These items present a bar graph to the student to manipulate the bar height to represent an answer.
|Composite||These items require a test taker to respond to a stimulus by using multiple item types in a single item with multiple response portions. Scoring is dependent on which item type combination is selected, and the raw weights for each part are combined to give an item score.|
|Graph||These items allow students to plot points, lines, multiple segment lines, or any combination of these on a graph. A Graph may have points or lines that appear when the graph first displays that the student cannot manipulate, or it may be interactive, and the student must manipulate them to respond.|
These items consist of a table with descriptions or characteristics, which the student then selects a box in a column or row for true-and-false or yes-or-no type of questions.
|Inline Choice List||
These items consist of questions with a drop-down list of choices to fill in the blank.
|Inline Text Choices||
These items present a short passage or a paragraph that contains underlined words or phrases. These underlined words or phrases represent the choices a student can select.
These items require the student to move objects such as words or images by selecting and dragging the objects into a specific order or to a specific location in a table, passage, or image.
NOTE: Some of the questions in this test require “dragging and dropping” objects into certain designated areas on the screen. Most items were designed to snap into place; however, some were not. For the items that do not snap into place, please take care that the student is dropping the object precisely into the intended area(s) to ensure accurate system scoring. The object cannot overlap border lines or the edges of the intended area(s) and should rest squarely in the intended area(s). If the student is doing the dragging and dropping, please help the student ensure objects are dropped fully within the intended area.
These items consist of a question and list of choices; they may also include a stimulus or subset of a passage as the stimulus.
|Numeric||The student responds by selecting a single-entry box with a numeric value. The numeric value may contain decimals or a slash line to represent a fraction.|
|Set Leader||This is a stimulus such as a passage or an image. The Leader has one or more questions assigned to it, based on its content.|
These items have answer choices that are predefined “hotspots” on an image, word, or phrase within a sentence. When the student selects a spot, the selection is highlighted, shaded, or outlined in red.
Technical Skills to Access Embedded Resources
To access some of the embedded resources (such as strikethrough, highlighter, ASL videos, and text-to-speech) that are available to help work through these item types, students may need to access the context menu. Please note the method to access the context menu is dependent on the student’s device type. Devices and methods are shown in Table 3.
|Device Type||Method to Access the Context Menu|
|Windows-based desktop or laptop (two-button mouse)||Select with the right mouse button.|
|Mac OS-based desktop or laptop (one-button mouse)||Hold down the [Ctrl] key on keyboard and then select with the mouse button.|
|iPad tablet (touchscreen)||Tap on the menu in the upper-left corner of the secure browser application.|
|Chromebook (trackpad)||Hold down the [Alt] key on the keyboard and tap the trackpad.|