Technology Requirements

The technology requirements in this section are specific to online testing with braille. The hardware and software that are used for braille testing require the use of a supported Windows operating system.

For information about complete requirements for online testing, refer to the CAASPP and ELPAC Technical Specifications and Configuration Guide for Online Testing.

Software for Students

Windows Secure Browser

Students will use the same Windows secure browser that is used for all online testing. Visit the Secure Browsers website to download the Windows secure browser. For secure browser installation instructions, refer to the CAASPP and ELPAC Technical Specifications and Configuration Guide for Online Testing.

Screen Readers

Students can use the same screen reader with the Windows secure browser as with other computer applications.

Table 1 provides a list of third-party screen readers that can be used in the test delivery system.

Table 1. Supported Screen Readers

Screen Reader Supported Versions OS Requirements System Requirements Additional Details
Fusion Professional
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 10
  • 2.0 GHz i3 dual core processor
  • 4 GB RAM
  • This software requires additional setup before use with the test delivery system (refer to configuration instructions for JAWS).
  • The test presentation setting must be set to braille, whether the student is a braille user or not.
JAWS—Professional
  • 2018
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 10
  • 1.5 GHz Processor
  • 2 GB RAM (for 32-bit)
  • 4 GB RAM (for 64-bit)
  • This software requires additional setup before use with the test delivery system (refer to configuration instructions).
  • The test presentation setting must be set to braille, whether the student is a braille user or not.
NVDA
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • Windows 8
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 10
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 (with a minimum of Service Pack 1) and later
  • (no requirements)
  • The student cannot use NVDA for ELA assessments, as the read-aloud of passages cannot be suppressed in this product.
Windows Narrator
  • Windows 10 Version 1809, 1903
  • Windows 10
  • (no requirements)
  • The student cannot use Windows Narrator for ELA, ELPAC, or CSA, as the read-aloud of passages cannot be suppressed in this product.

RBDs

A student who needs to use an RBD not mentioned in table 2 should test it with a practice test to ensure there are no issues before its use with an operational assessment. The student using an RBD for the practice test must log on using a supported secure browser.

RBDs not listed here may include unwanted features that students should not use while testing; students may need to be monitored if they use such RBDs.

Table 2 provides a list of supported RBDs that students can use to read braille content.

Table 2. Supported RBDs

RBD Technology OS Requirements Additional Details
Active Braille
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows10
  • Device has notepad, scheduler, alarm, calculator, and clock features that cannot be disabled.
  • Device is equipped with an SD card that should be removed before student takes a test.
  • The TA or TE will need to ensure the student does not use features outside of the braille display functionality.
Braille Edge 40
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows10
  • Device has notepad, scheduler, alarm, calculator, stopwatch, countdown timer, and clock features that cannot be disabled.
  • Device is equipped with an SD card that should be removed before student takes a test.
  • The TA or TE will need to ensure the student does not use features outside of the braille display functionality.
BrailleNote Touch 32 Cell
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows10
  • Other applications present include a word processor, email, internet, contacts, planner, file manager, calculator, Victor Reader, Play Store, and KNFB Reader.
  • Student can only use device for testing in Braille Terminal mode.
  • Device is equipped with an SD card that should be removed before student takes a test.
  • The TA or TE will need to ensure the student does not use features outside of the braille display functionality.
Brailliant 40 Cell
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows10
  • There can be a security concern if the wrong version of this product is used.
  • CAI recommends RBDs with at least 40 cells, but students may use displays with fewer cells if preferred.
  • Students should not use the HumanWare Brailliant BI 14 RBD, which can automatically synchronize notes typed internally with a mail application, potentially violating test security.
Focus 40 Blue 5th Generation
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows10
  • Device has Scratchpad with BRF Book Reader, calendar, and clock features that cannot be disabled.
  • Device is equipped with an SD card that should be removed before student takes a test.
  • The TA or TE will need to ensure the student does not use features outside of the braille display functionality.
QBraille XL
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows10
  • Students using the QBraille XL in the test delivery system must be monitored to ensure they are not accessing unwanted internal applications, such as the calculator and notepad.

Software for TAs and TEs

Embossers and Embossing Software

Embossers must be used to print any test content that cannot be read by RBDs, this includes content on mathematics and science assessments, and some of the content on ELA and ELPAC domain assessments. Different embossing software is required for printing PRN and BRF file types. The printed file types depend on the content being embossed.

Table 3 provides a list of embossers and embossing software supported for TA and TE computers.

Table 3. Supported Embossers and Embossing Software

Embosser or Software Supported Versions OS Requirements Minimum System Additional Details
Duxbury Braille Translator
  • 11.1
  • 11.2
  • 11.3
  • 12.1
  • 12.2
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 10
  • 1 GHz Processor
  • 1 GB RAM (for 32-bit)
  • 2 GB RAM (for 64-bit)
  • This software requires additional setup before use with the test delivery system (refer to the configuration instructions)
  • This software is used for embossing BRF files from print requests containing only text or formatted tables.
Tiger Software Suite (Tiger Designer and Tiger Viewer)
  • 4.2
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • Windows 8.0 (Version 4.2)
  • Windows 8.0 (Versions 5, 6, and 7)
  • Windows 8.1 (Versions 5, 6, and 7)
  • Windows 10 (Versions 5, 6, and 7)
N/A
  • Download the Tiger Designer prior to testing as some PRN files will need to be converted in this program before embossing
  • Refer to the “Converting and Printing PRN Files” subsection for more details.
  • Tiger Software Suite is included with all ViewPlus embossers. Its license can be used on up to two devices.
ViewPlus Desktop Embosser (driver for ViewPlus Embossers and Tiger Viewer Software)
  • N/A
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 10
  • N/A
  • Download and install the embosser driver prior to embossing any files.
  • The Tiger Viewer software is downloaded into the printer driver folder.
ViewPlus embosser
  • Windows 8.0
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 10
  • N/A
  • This product requires additional setup before use with the test delivery system (refer to the configuration instructions).
  • The embosser is used for embossing PRN files from print requests with tactile or spatial components, such as images.
  • A ViewPlus embosser requires that the user download and install the embosser driver prior to embossing.
  • PRN files are formatted for a specific printer driver and may need to be converted for use with the specific embosser (refer to the “Converting and Printing PRN Files” subsection for more details).

Screen Reader Specifications

If a TA or TE requires the use of a screen reader (JAWS, NVDA) to set up or administer test sessions, the TA or TE is recommended to use the most recent Firefox or Chrome browser. Browser issues should be directed to a network or IT coordinator within the LEA.

TOMS Test Settings for Consideration

Table 4 is a list of all test settings in TOMS that should be considered for students with a visual impairment prior to the start of summative testing. For a comprehensive explanation of every test setting available in TOMS, please refer to the file specifications in the CAASPP 2020–21 Online Student Test Settings Template for Batch Upload spreadsheet or the ELPAC 2020–2021 Student Test Settings Template for Batch Upload spreadsheet. Refer also to the CAASPP and ELPAC TOMS User Guide for instructions on how to set accessibility resources for students.

Table 4. TOMS Student Test Settings for Students with Visual Impairment

Type Display Name Possible Values Test
Embedded Accommodation Audio Transcript (Includes Braille Transcript)
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA Listening
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (online)
Embedded Accommodation Braille
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (online)
Embedded Accommodation Text-to-Speech Reading Passages
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA PT
  • CSA
  • ELPAC
Non-Embedded Accommodation

Print on Demand

(Note: This accommodation is not required when the braille accommodation has been selected.)

  • Blank (default)
  • Stimuli
  • Items
  • Items and Stimuli
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
Non-Embedded Accommodation Read-Aloud Reading Passages
  • Passages
  • Smarter ELA
  • CAA ELA
  • CSA
Embedded Designated Support Color Contrast
  • Default (Black on White)
  • Reverse Contrast
  • Black on Rose
  • Medium Gray on Light Gray
  • Yellow on Blue
  • Blue
  • Light Blue
  • Black on Cream
  • Gray
  • Light Gray
  • Green
  • Light Green
  • Light Magenta
  • White on Navy
  • Yellow
  • Light Yellow
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (online)
Embedded Designated Support Permissive Mode
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (online)
Embedded Designated Support Print Size
  • No zoom applied (default)
  • 1.5×
  • 1.75×
  • 2.5×
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (online)
Embedded Designated Support Streamlined Interface
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (online)
Embedded Designated Support Text-to-Speech Items and Stimuli
  • Blank (default)
  • Items (ELA; CSA; ELPAC Listening, Speaking, and Writing)
  • Items and Stimuli (Mathematics; Science; ELPAC Listening, Speaking, and Writing)
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC
Non-Embedded Designated Support Color Contrast
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (online)
Non-Embedded Designated Support Magnification
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (all)
Non-Embedded Designated Support

Print-on-Demand

(Note: This accommodation is not required when the braille accommodation has been selected.)

  • Blank (default)
  • Stimuli
  • Items
  • Items and Stimuli
  • ELPAC (online)
Non-Embedded Designated Support Read-Aloud Items
  • Blank (default)
  • Selected
  • Smarter ELA
  • Smarter Mathematics
  • CAA ELA
  • CAA Mathematics
  • CAA Science
  • CAST
  • CSA
  • ELPAC (all)