Testing Incident Definitions

Breaches

Refer to the Conditions for Use subsection for each Appeal’s description in the Appeals Definitions section for Appeal criteria associated with the types of breaches.

Exposing Secure Materials—Retaining or Sharing (Student)

A student retained or shared secure test materials.

Exposing Secure Materials—Social Media (Adult)

Secure test materials were shared with the media (such as the writing prompts, test items, or reading passages) or the media was allowed to observe a secure test administration.

Exposing Secure Materials—Social Media (Student)

The student posted items or secure testing materials on social media such as Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram.

Validity Issue—Adult Interference (Assistance to Students or Unauthorized Access)

Either the test examiner, test administrator, a parent or guardian, or teacher coached or provided answers to a student or modified student responses. This is applicable for all assessment types.

A test administrator or test examiner allowed unauthorized access to student tests.

Administered Incorrect Assessment

A student was unintentionally administered a summative CAASPP for practice instead of the practice or interim test or the wrong grade-level assessment within an ELPAC grade span or a Summative ELPAC assessment was administered to ineligible student(s).

Irregularities

Refer to the Conditions for Use subsection for each Appeal’s description in the Appeals Definitions section for Appeal criteria associated with the types of irregularities.

Accessibility Issue—Incorrect Resource or Accommodation Setting (For All Assessments)

An accommodation required by the student’s IEP or Section 504 plan was set incorrectly and needs to be changed.

Accessibility Issue—Incorrect Designated Support (For the Summative ELPAC and Initial ELPAC Only)

A designated support for a student without an IEP or Section 504 plan was set incorrectly and needs to be changed.

Accessibility Issue—Designated Language Support (For the CAASPP Only)

A student was given an incorrect designated support for a translation (stacked or glossary) resource, or the streamlined interface for a student without an IEP or Section 504 plan was set incorrectly.

Incorrect Domain Exemption or Alternate Assessment (For the Initial ELPAC Only)

A student did not receive a domain exemption or alternate assessment as prescribed by the student’s IEP or Section 504 plan.

Incorrect Domain Exemption (For the Summative ELPAC Only)

A student did not receive a domain exemption as prescribed by the student’s IEP or Section 504 plan.

Administration Error—Scores for the Speaking Domain (For the Summative ELPAC Only)

A test examiner forgot to score the Speaking domain responses in real time and cannot determine scoring from voice capture.

Administration Error—ELAS Status Impact (For the Summative ELPAC Only)

An Initial ELPAC resulted in some corrections to ELAS status that could impact the Summative ELPAC where the student started or completed testing.

Incorrect SSID Used—No Switch

Student(s) took test(s) associated with a different student’s SSID.

Incorrect SSID Used—Switch

Student(s) took test(s) associated with a different student’s SSID, and vice versa.

Student(s) Cheating or Providing Answers

Student(s) cheated or provided answers to each other, including passing notes and giving help to other students during testing.

For CAASPP online assessments, in the event of student cheating that does not involve electronic devices and where the LEA wants the student to complete the assessment, the LEA has the option to allow the student to complete the assessment prior to invalidating.

Student(s) Accessing Internet or Unauthorized Devices or Software Applications

Student(s) accessed either the internet or any unauthorized software applications, or used unauthorized electronic equipment (e.g., a cell phone, tablet, or smartwatch), during the testing event.

Validity Issue—Adult Interference (Allowing Nonprescribed Accommodation or Materials)

A test administrator or test examiner allowed inappropriate accommodations during test administration that are not designated in the student’s IEP or Section 504 plan, provided students with nonallowable materials or devices, or modified student responses. Validity issues do not apply to alternate assessments.

Validity Issue—Student Does Not Respond (For the CAASPP Only)

A student deliberately did not attempt to respond appropriately to items. Validity issues do not apply to alternate assessments.

Irregularity Flag Submitted in Error—Incorrect Notification of Irregularity Flag on SSR (For the ELPAC Only)

An Appeal submitted earlier was causing an incorrect irregularity flag in the STAIRS reports, in the STAIRS user interface, and in the [Score Status] tab of the Student Profile to be revoked.

Other Issues—Issues Not Covered in the Existing Testing Incidents (For the ELPAC Only)

There was a testing issue that needs to be reported. A description was not included in the existing list of testing incidents in STAIRS.

Improprieties

Refer to the Conditions for Use subsection for each Appeal’s description in the Appeals Definitions section for Appeal criteria associated with the types of improprieties.

Administration Error—Not Appealable (For All Except the CAASPP Paper–Pencil Tests)

One of the following conditions occurred in any test (except for a CAASPP paper–pencil test):

  1. Inappropriate or incomplete test preparation
  2. Leaving related instructional materials on the walls in the testing room
  3. Failing to ensure administration and supervision of online tests
  4. Giving incorrect instructions that are not corrected prior to testing
  5. Sharing username or password (via email or otherwise) with other authorized users
  6. Allowing students to continue testing beyond the close of a paper–pencil testing window

Administration Error—Appealable (For the ELPAC Only)

A test examiner forgot to score the student’s responses for the Speaking online domain in real time and cannot determine scoring from voice capture, or, for the Initial ELPAC, the student’s ELAS status changed and some correction is required to Summative ELPAC online domains (except the Writing domain for kindergarten through grade two).

Technical Issues

There were technical issues or school emergencies.

Student Disruption

Student(s) made distracting gestures or sounds or talked during the test session, creating a disruption in the test session for other students (applicable for all assessment types); or student(s) left the room or disrupted the test session (applicable for the CAASPP only).

Data Entry Interface Error—Student Responses

There was an error while entering student responses from a paper–pencil test for the CAASPP, for the Reading or Listening domain for the Initial ELPAC (applicable for all grades), or for the Summative ELPAC (applicable for grades three through twelve).

Data Entry Interface Error—Scores for Item Responses

There was an error while entering scores for the Writing or Speaking domain for the Summative ELPAC or the Initial ELPAC. (For online tests, this is applicable for the Speaking domain for all grades and for the Writing domain for the Initial ELPAC, this is applicable for kindergarten through grade two. For paper–pencil tests, this is applicable for grades three through twelve for the Summative ELPAC and for all grades for the Initial ELPAC.)

Data Entry Interface Error—Second Scoring

The test examiner forgot to enter the second scores for the CAA for ELA in real time and cannot determine scoring.

Hand Scoring Issue (Initial ELPAC Only)

There was an error while entering scores for student responses for the Writing domain in the THSS.

Restoration of Test Access—Expired Test

The test expired or a student accidentally submitted a domain or a test prior to completion.

Restore a Test that Was Reset in Error

A student’s assessment was reset at the domain level or at the test level inadvertently or inappropriately because an LEA wrongly requested a Reset Appeal.

Administration Incident—Unanticipated Expiration

A student will not complete the test before it expires due to an unanticipated excused absence or unanticipated school closure.

Administration Incident—Lost Logon Information

Student logon information was lost or missing.

Other Issues—Miscellaneous

ELPAC testing incidents that are not covered by the existing testing event scenarios in STAIRS need to be reported.